Kidney stones are just small stones for all intents and purposes. They are usually made up of calcium crystals that accumulate within the kidneys or in the various tubes that feed or empty it. The kidneys main job is to filter the blood from impurities contained in it and those same impurities are processed by the kidney into urine which can already be expelled out of the body through the urethra. It is this process that makes way for the formation of kidney stones as impurities have a habit of bonding together until they become large enough to block structures within the kidney, and it is this blocking movement by the stones that cause the proverbial pain associated to kidney stones.
The trademark of kidney stones that obstruct the ureter is an excruciating, sporadic pain that branches out from the groin to the flank, to other parts of the lower body. The pain brought by the kidney stones is called a renal colic, which is also described as one of the most painful pain to be experienced by any human beings. Renal colic usually occurs with urine urgency, cold sweats, nausea, and restlessness that it is described as one of the most disconcerting experiences any one can go through.
Risk Factors for the Occurrence of Kidney Stones
- Dehydration is the foremost cause of kidney stone creation, mainly because there is not enough water to properly flush out the crystals and a low water environment in the kidneys precede acidity in the area
- A diet high in animal proteins, salt, sugar, and oxalates is conducive to kidney stone formation
- Kidney stones because of underlying conditions such as Crohn’s Disease, Dent’s Disease and hyperthyroidism
- A history of kidney stone formation
Symptoms of Having Kidney Stones
- Dark and sometimes cloudy urine that has an unpleasant smell to it
- Vomiting and nausea especially when the pain strikes
- Fevers when an infection is apparent
- Great urge to urinate constantly
- Pain in the sides, the back and under the ribcage
- Pain that spreads to the groin and upper leg area
- Severe pain that comes and goes with increasing severity especially when urinating
Treatment for Kidney Stones
- Drinking lots and lots of water to flush out the kidney stones naturally
- Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (SWL), the use of sound waves to break up kidney stones
- A doctor inserts a probe with a miniature camera and lights into your bladder and ureter to locate and possibly break up the stone into small pieces so that it can pass easily during urination
- Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy. Kidney stone removal through a small incision on your back. It is done when the kidney stone is particularly large and under general anesthesia.
- Home remedies for kidney stones such as lemon juice, olive oil, apple cider vinegar, pomegranates, wheat grass, celery, bran flakes, and carrots amongst other things, are said to have different good effects against kidney stones and the removal of it.