What’s one of the foremost killers of people here in our country, the one who lurks silently in the shadows only to make itself known after the fact? The one who killed 600,000 Americans according to the Centers for Disease and Control Prevention (CDC) every year and that’s not counting the ones that survived and is scarred for life. We are talking about heart disease and its ilk, how can we protect ourselves from this killer of a disease?
Different Types of Heart Disease
- Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) – The most common of the heart diseases. It occurs when the plaque build-up, from cholesterol and fats from the food we eat, constricts the blood flow in the arteries and veins in our body thereby causing the heart to receive less nourishing oxygen and making it weak. An angina or a heart attack can occur because of this condition.
- Arrhythmia – Is the irregular or abnormal beating of the heart.
- Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) – When the heart has insufficient power to pump blood which carries life-giving oxygen to the various organs of the body.
- Heart Valve Disease – Disease that affect one or all of the four valves of the heart making it less efficient in pumping blood throughout the body
- Heart Muscle Disease – Enlargement of the heart and the thickening of its walls, which makes it weaker and inefficient in pumping blood.
- Congenital Heart Disease – Inborn diseases of the heart such as Atrial Septal Defects (ASD)and Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA).
Symptoms of Having Heart Disease
- Having palpitations or fast, slow, or abnormal heartbeat is a sure sign of heart disease
- Experiencing constant lightheadedness and dizzy spells without any reason at all
- Chest pains, pain between shoulder blades, pain in left shoulder, pain in the neck, the jaws and at the back
- Shortness of breath even without exertion
- Pale complexion and the swelling of the extremities
- Constriction, pressure, and heaviness of chest especially during a heart attack
- Extreme anxiety, weakness, and a feeling of impending doom
Treatments for Heart Disease
- Surgeries such as stents, angioplasty, heart bypass, valve treatment and replacement, cardiversion, EECP, ablation, pacemakers, implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD), left ventricular assist device (LVAD) and heart transplants.
- Medications such asACE inhibitors, Angiotension II receptor blockers, Antiarrythmics, Antiplatelet drugs, Beta-Blockers, Calcium Channel blockers, Clot busters, Digoxin, diuretics, Nitrates, and blood thinners to name a few.
Heart Disease Risk Factors
- Progressing of age heightens the risk for getting heart diseases as heart muscles also ages and weakens
- Being men, or women past the menopausal age
- Having a family history of heart disease causes one to be a primary candidate for heart disease
- Heart attacks are more prevalent in smokers that in non-smokers
- Consumption of high cholesterol and animal protein in diet
- Diabetes is known to cause heart disease
- Obesity and high blood pressure
- Lack of physical activity or a sedentary lifestyle
- Constant unresolved stresses in daily living
- Improper hygiene and poor dental health contributes greatly to heart disease